Cavities are one of the most common dental problems in the world. This represents the natural decay of dental health which gets more prominent over time when left untreated. Cavities are painless in the beginning making it hard to realize that they exist.
However, regular dental checkups can help detect early tooth decay, and with proper tooth cavity treatment, you can prevent many dental issues.
Symptoms Of Tooth Cavities
The symptoms of a cavity include:
- Bad breath
- A visible hole in your teeth
- An unpleasant taste in the mouth
- Either occasional or continuous pain in the tooth
- Black, brown, or grey spots appearing on your teeth
- You may feel tenderness or pain while drinking or eating something cold or hot.
Causes Of Tooth Cavities
One of the leading reasons for tooth cavities is plaque. It is a sticky substance that binds to teeth. It is a combination of acids, saliva, bacteria, and food particles.
Plaque starts forming after drinking or eating any sugary food. It sticks to the enamel (the outer layer of the tooth) and begins the decaying process.
The Primary Causes For Tooth Cavity Are:
- Dry Mouth
- Not Getting Enough Fluoride
- Too Many Acidic Foods And Or Sugary Drinks
- Poor Oral Hygiene Routine
- Eating Disorders, Such As Bulimia And Anorexia
Treatment Options For Tooth Cavities
Every treatment of a tooth cavity varies according to the severity of the situation. Treatment options include:
A dentist extracts the decayed material from a tooth and fills the empty hole with substances such as porcelain, dental amalgam, tooth-colored or gold/silver composite resins, etc
For weak teeth and severe dental decay, you may need a crown. In this process, your dentist may place a custom-fit covering on the tooth that replaces its natural crown. Crowns may be made of resin, high strength porcelain, gold, silver, or other materials.
When tooth decay reaches the pulp of your tooth, which damages the nerves, you may need a root canal treatment. In this, a dentist removes the decayed areas, including blood vessels, nerve tissue, and thoroughly cleans the pulp and replace it with filling.
Fluoride treatments are also known as early-stage treatments. It restores the enamel of the tooth and reverses a cavity in a very early stage.
Some tooth becomes severely damaged that the only option left is to get rid of it. After the extraction, it leaves a gap and provides ample space for other teeth to shift.